Neurodivergence is a nonmedical term used to describe a brain and nervous system that processes cognitive, emotional and/or sensory information differently than what is considered "typical."
As our understanding of the brain evolves, it becomes more difficult and restrictive to simply describe normal vs. abnormal functions. There are many variations to the way the brain works that makes it considered "divergent," or different. The degree of these differences are on a continuum/spectrum that range from mild (some refer to as "high functioning") to severe (disordered/dysfunctional).
These differences can be either a strength and advantage, or a challenge or disadvantage, depending on the situation or the skill needed.
People can have one or more of these traits, and experience them in very different ways. There are no two people on any spectrum that look and act the same way. Although at times it's difficult, the journey to understanding your child or yourself as neurodivergent is a very personal, enlightening, and empowering experience.
Here are resources for a few common traits and disorders that are considered neurodivergent, many of which we work with, but there are several more not listed here:
Autism Spectrum Disorder - ASD
Highly Sensitive People - HSP / Sensory Sensitivity / Empath (not the same as SPD)
Giftedness - "Gifted & Talented"
Tilt Parenting: A wonderful podcast that covers a variety of issues related to neurodivergence.